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084f2db8c6 Fortunately, through improved farming techniques, the import of fertilizers, and reforestation, Europeans were able to recondition their soil and prevent food shortages from hampering industrialization. Jacob Marschak Alfred Marshall Karl Marx John von Neumann Vilfredo Pareto David Ricardo Paul Samuelson Joseph Schumpeter Amartya Sen Herbert A. Kahne) set forward the format and content of future meetings. ^ Pomeranz 2000, p.39. This book grew out of a symposium held in the University of Aberdeen in May 2000. The Great Divergence brings new insight to one of the classic questions of history: Why did sustained industrial growth begin in Northwest Europe, despite surprising similarities between advanced areas of Europe and East Asia? As Ken Pomeranz shows, as recently as 1750, parallels between these two parts of the world were very high in life expectancy, consumption, product and factor markets, and the strategies of households. They had a culture where change was encouraged, and their sense of anxiety and disregard for comfort led them to be more innovative.
These feudal restrictions on land ownership were especially strong in continental Europe. (2008), "Globalization and the Great Divergence: terms of trade booms, volatility and the poor periphery, 17821913", European Review of Economic History, 12 (03): 355391, doi:10.1017/S136149160800230X . is crucial to our understanding of the modern world. ^ Hong, Sungmin; Candelone, Jean-Pierre; Patterson, Clair Cameron; Boutron, Claude F. ^ a b c Pomeranz 2000, pp.7071. In his book A Farewell to Alms, Gregory Clark argues that the human psychological traits (such as literacy, numeracy, and delayed gratification) needed for the divergence spread in England between 1200 and 1800 "at least culturally and perhaps also genetically".. These innovations caused the Great Divergence, elevating Europe and the United States to high economic standing relative to the East. Scholars have proposed numerous theories to explain why the Great Divergence occurred.